I am an integrative biologist with a fondness for wilderness and a desire to understand how animals conduct their lives in their intimate natural environs. I study how hormones and the brain generate variation in behavior and connect this variation to fitness consequences in the wild. Therefore, I’m especially interested in differences within- and among-individuals. I study variation and covariation at these two levels and use sexual behavior, coping behavior and (neuro)endocrine traits as the phenotypic characters of interest. My lab uses wild birds and wild frogs as study organisms.